Blood sugar levels and diabetes are two interrelated items. Anyone who is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or even prediabetes must take precautions to see that their glucose levels don’t rise and stay too high.

A good diet low in simple carbohydrates is one way to help keep blood sugar levels in a normal range.blood sugar rangeRegulating glucose levels in the body occurs through the glucagon hormones and insulin that is made in the pancreas.

Diabetes and other abnormalities in the blood sugar levels happen after there is a failure of the pancreas to make the proper amount of insulin. There can also be an insulin resistance condition where the cells resist the effect of insulin and glucose levels remain high.

The normal blood sugar range in the body is 70-150 mg/dl. This range fluctuates throughout the day and depends on what is eaten and the time of day. Both high and low glucose levels may have severe consequences on the health. Low blood sugar is a condition referred to as hypoglycemia. It is characterized as sugar levels under 70 mg/dl. High blood sugar levels that go over 150 mg/dl is called hyperglycemia. These values are not set in stone and may vary from person to person. Reviewing a blood glucose levels chart can help a person see where they fit on a normal blood sugar range.

The US Department of Health states that hypoglycemia is linked to symptoms like:

–headache
–hunger
–confusion
–shakiness
–sweating
–irritability
–seizures
–jerkiness
–lack of focus and concentration
–dizziness

Those with hyperglycemia may have symptoms like:

–frequent urination
–increased thirst
–high blood sugar levels in the body
–high levels of sugar in the urine

The main role of insulin in the body is to maintain the production, absorption, and conversion of extra glucose to glycogen, so that it can be stored. By playing an effective role, insulin can prevent toxicity by excreting extra glucose by conversion to energy. It also prevents the body from making energy from stored foods.

The American Diabetes Association states that over 21 million people are living as diabetics. This is almost seven percent of the population. Besides this number, almost six million more people go undiagnosed each year. Research has proven that young women are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Keeping a normal blood sugar range is important, yet often overlooked.

People who suffer from diabetes normally have the hypoglycemic response impaired. There are many different ways to determine the blood glucose level in the body. Here are a few.

–There is an oral glucose tolerance test that can tell if a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes. This is performed after having a sweet drink and is performed in the early stages of pregnancy.

–Random blood sugar test is performed after the last meal.

–The two hour postprandial blood sugar test measures glucose level two hours after eating a meal.

–Fasting blood sugar test is used to establish whether a person is in the fasting blood sugar normal range.

–See an A1C levels chart.

It is always wise to keep a normal blood sugar range that stays between 70 mg/dl and 150 mg/dl. It will help to ensure better health and well being and hopefully reduce the chance of developing diabetes.